Laparoscopic appendectomy consists of a surgical procedure to remove the appendix. During surgery, small incisions are made in your abdomen that will then be inflated with a gas (carbon dioxide) to make it distend. This separates the abdominal wall from the internal organs allowing a small endoscope and special tools through these incisions. You can use hooks, cautery, loops or staplers to separate the appendix from the cecum (part of the large intestine) and finally the appendix will be placed in a small bag and cut using scissors to extract it.
- Faster recovery, less pain and few postoperative complications
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Laparoscopic surgery and the use of modern anesthetics, with a diminishing footprint on the physiology of the patient, have recognized advantages that have allowed a reduction in the impact of surgical trauma, in addition to increasing options for pain management facilities, communication and proper patient selection. All these factors make Laparoscopic Appendectomy as safe and effective as open surgery.
Like any major surgical procedure, it requires at least one night of hospitalization and must be developed in a hospital institution that meets the degree of complexity necessary to handle any potential complications that may arise.
There are risks related to any kind of surgery. The majority of patients undergoing Laparoscopic Appendectomy experience few postoperative complications, which is directly related to the experience of the surgeon performing the operation. The risks of performing a Laparoscopic Appendectomy are less than the risks of leaving an acute appendicitis without treatment. It is important to remember that before performing any type of surgery, you should ask your surgeon about your experience and training.
Acute appendicitis consists of inflammation of the cecal appendix. It is the most frequent cause of acute surgical abdomen in emergency services worldwide and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any patient showing abdominal pain.
The most accepted cause of acute appendicitis is obstruction of appendiceal opening followed by infection. Although the cause of the obstruction is controversial, genetic, anatomical, dietary, infectious, parasitic, immunological, neoplastic and foreign factors are considered triggers, in a single or multifactorial form.
Among these causes are fecalites (remains of compact feces), hyperplasia of lymphoid follicles, presence of foreign bodies (seeds, parasites, etc.) and tumors that produce stenosis of the cecum or appendix, among others.
Once the opening of the appendix is obstructed, mucus builds up inside it and the pressure inside the organ increases. The accumulated mucus is converted into pus by the action of bacteria and the progressive increase in intraluminal pressure leads to progressive obstruction of the lymphatic, venous and finally arterial drainage, leading to an ischemia of the organ evolving to gangrene, and subsequently to perforation.
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